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HomeRunning TrainingsThe A to Z Glossary to Path Working

The A to Z Glossary to Path Working

What’s VK? And an FKT? Out and again? Path operating, with its exhilarating terrain and breathtaking views, has change into more and more fashionable in recent times. However with its personal distinctive jargon and terminology is simple to get misplaced earlier than you even hit the paths.

Should you’re a newbie venturing into the world of path operating or an skilled runner trying to increase your vocabulary, learn on. We’ve compiled a concise assortment of important phrases and phrases that each path runner ought to know. From technical path lingo to gear and race-specific phrases, this glossary can have you talking the language of path operating very quickly. Let’s dive in!


Help Station: A chosen space alongside a path race the place runners can relaxation, obtain help, have a chunk, and replenish their provides. That is additionally an excellent place to have a nap when you’re in the course of an ultra-trail race. See ultra-trail operating.

Altitude Coaching: The place legends are made. Coaching at larger elevations to adapt to decreased oxygen ranges and enhance efficiency in mountainous path races. See why athletes practice at excessive altitudes.


Bladder: A hydration system that path runner used to hold water and different fluids throughout coaching and racing. They’re usually collapsible and may be saved inside a operating vest or a backpack. These hydration techniques are available many sizes and may carry between 1 and 20 liters of fluid.

Blister: A painful, fluid-filled pocket that varieties on the pores and skin attributable to friction throughout path operating.

Bonk: Extreme or sudden fatigue in the course of a race or lengthy path run. Often attributed to an absence of energy or depleted glycogen shops. Also referred to as ‘hitting the wall.’

Bushwhacking: Working or shifting by means of dense vegetation off-trail, usually encountered in rugged or less-developed areas.


Cairn: A stacked pile of rocks or stones used as a path marker in distant or less-defined path sections.

Crew: A gaggle of people that accompany a runner to a race and assist them with all the things they should end or win a race: technique, hydration, vitamin, navigation, motivation, cooling off/warming up, and total help. Oftentimes, the crew is what separates winners and losers.

Cutoff: The utmost period of time for a runner to go away an help station or end a race. Cutoff instances are applied for security causes for longer-distance path races.


Drop Bag: A bag or container supplied by runners in long-distance path races to carry private provides at designated help stations. See help station.

Doubletrack: A large path or dust street that permits for two-way site visitors, generally present in path techniques and nationwide parks.


Elevation Achieve: The entire vertical ascent over the course of a path run or race. (Typically, that is the explanation of these painful quads.)

Endurance: The power to maintain bodily exercise over a chronic interval, essential for longer path operating distances. See ultra-trail operating.


Quickest Recognized Time: FKT refers back to the quickest recorded time in a specific path. An FKT shouldn’t be an official or organized competitors however somewhat a person or workforce’s try to set the quickest time on a specific route. Extremely-runner begin Karel Sabbe at the moment holds the FKT for iconic trails like Through Alpina.

Fell Working: A sort of path operating that takes place on hilly or mountainous terrain, usually characterised by steep descents.


GPS Watch: A specialised watch outfitted with GPS expertise to trace and report distance, tempo, and different metrics throughout path operating.

Gravel Grinder: A sort of path race or occasion that mixes off-road and gravel roads, usually overlaying lengthy distances.

Grit X Professional: Polar’s premium outside watch, with a roughed and rugged sturdy design, ultra-long battery life, and best-in-class navigation options. Extra on Polar Grit X Professional.


Headlamp: A conveyable mild supply worn on the pinnacle to offer illumination throughout path operating in low-light or darkish circumstances. It’s a must-have object for path runners.

Hill Repeats: Intense exercises involving repeated operating up and down hills to enhance energy and energy on hilly path programs. It is probably not your favourite exercise, however certainly will make you stronger.


Incline: The upward slope or gradient of a path or terrain, usually measured in share or levels.

Intervals: Structured exercises that contain alternating intervals of high-intensity operating with intervals of relaxation or energetic restoration.

The Kickstart Information To Path Working

Whether or not you’re an entire beginner searching for to discover the paths or an skilled street runner desirous to transition to off-road adventures, our information to trail-running will get you began.

Learn extra


Jeep Path: A path that’s large and tough, usually accessible to off-road automobiles like Jeeps, generally used for path operating.


Kilometer (Mile) Markers: Indicators or markers alongside the path that point out the gap coated in kilometers.

Kilian Jornet – Broadly thought to be one of many biggest path runners of all time. Kilian has set quite a few velocity information and received a number of championships in ultra-distance races and skyrunning occasions. He usually climbs and runs in excessive mountainous environments, pushing the bounds of human endurance. See Mountain Goat.


Lengthy Run: A path run that’s longer than the everyday distance coated throughout common coaching runs, usually performed to construct endurance. Should you’re an ultra-runner, your future can often final something from six to 10 hours. See ultra-trail operating.

Lactic Acid: A byproduct of intense train that may trigger fatigue and muscle soreness throughout and after path operating.

Lottery: The painful course of that ultra-runners face after they wish to enter a well known path race. Enjoyable truth: a path runner is extra prone to win tens of millions within the precise lottery than get into the Western States or Hardrock races. A delicate topic for some runners.


Mud Run: A path race or occasion that takes place in muddy circumstances, usually involving difficult terrain and obstacles.

Mountain Goat: That is the title used to explain an agile, speedy mountain or fell-runner! Additionally, a generic title for mountain-dwelling goats, comparable to the gorgeous Chamois that may be discovered within the Alps. Kilian Jornet is usually referred to as The Mountain Goat, the OG biggest of all time path runner. See Kilian Jornet.


Night time Working: Path operating throughout the nighttime, often requiring using a headlamp or different mild supply.


Impediment Course Racing (OCR): A sort of path race that features varied obstacles comparable to climbing partitions, mud pits, and cord climbs.

Out-and-Again: A path operating route the place runners exit alongside a path after which return the identical option to the start line.


Peak Bagging: The exercise of summiting or reaching the highest of a number of peaks or mountains throughout a path run or race.

Pack Line: A gaggle of runners who run intently collectively in a line throughout a path race to navigate technical sections or trails.

Poles: Poles can tremendously add to a extra environment friendly path operating expertise, primarily whereas strolling uphill. They’re often essential merchandise throughout longer path operating races with numerous sustained or steep terrain. Strolling with poles could be a good option to preserve leg energy because it permits athletes to interact in any other case unused muscle mass within the higher physique.

Energy Hike: Most skilled path runners discover it extra environment friendly each velocity and energy-wise to undertake a quick hike for steeper uphill trails, somewhat than attempting to run these sections.


Quad-Busting: A time period used to explain a very difficult path run or race that places vital stress on the quadriceps muscle mass.


Rock Backyard: A piece of a path with many rocks and boulders that require cautious foot placement and navigation.

River Crossing: Crossing a river or stream throughout a path run, usually requiring cautious footwork and steadiness.

Runnable: One of the relative phrases in path operating. Any terrain on the paths that doesn’t embody a river crossing, boulder discipline of sizzling lava, or icy cliffs. In idea, it’s the reverse of a technical path. In actuality, it may embody absolutely anything.


Scrambling: Utilizing fingers and toes to climb or ascend steep or rocky sections of a path.

Singletrack: A slender path that permits for just one runner at a time, usually present in forested areas and extra technical terrains.

Sky operating: While you run above 2,000 meters of altitude over a really technical terrain with a major quantity of climbing and descent. See altitude coaching.

Switchback: A really tough path that takes a zig-zag sample up or down steep terrain and makes you query why path operating is enjoyable.


Technical Path: A path by means of difficult and rugged terrain, together with rocks, roots, steep inclines, or obstacles. That is usually what makes path operating enjoyable.

Path Footwear: Footwear particularly designed for path operating, providing elevated traction, stability, and safety in comparison with street trainers.


Extremely-Path Working: Lengthy-distance path operating occasions that usually exceed the gap of a standard marathon (26.2 miles/42.195 kilometers).


Vertical Kilometer (VK): A race or problem that entails ascending 1,000 meters in a comparatively quick distance.


Water Crossing: Crossing a physique of water, comparable to a river or stream, throughout a path run, usually requiring cautious navigation or utilizing stepping stones.

Wildlife Encounters: Encounters with animals or wildlife throughout path operating, which might embody each optimistic and probably harmful interactions.


X-Coaching: Participating in cross-training actions comparable to biking, swimming, or energy coaching to complement path operating.


Yaktrax: Traction units that may be hooked up to path trainers to offer higher grip and traction on icy or snowy trails.


Zero-Drop Footwear: Path trainers that don’t have any distinction in peak between the heel and the toe, selling a extra pure foot strike and alignment.

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Please word that the data supplied within the Polar Weblog articles can not exchange particular person recommendation from well being professionals. Please seek the advice of your doctor earlier than beginning a brand new health program.



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